Debian is a free operating system ( OS ) for your computer. An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. Debian uses the Linux kernel (the core of an OS) along with thousands of software packages (also called 'packages') that are each distributed in a separate file. The packages contain the program code that does all the work, and are connected to each other in what is called a package dependency hierarchy . Each package depends on some smaller package or packages, which in turn depend on even smaller packages, and so on.
DPKG is the software at the base of the package management system in the free operating system Debian and its derivatives. It is currently used to install, remove, and provide information about Debian packages; eventually, it will be used to manage any kind of binary or source package. It was first released as a separate program (dpkg) alongside the old .deb packaging format to enable it to run on non-Debian systems, but has since become an integral part of .deb processing.
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